If you were an academic and you stayed in Germany during the war then chances are rather high that you were involved with the party because the Nazis were keen on regulating university appointments, etc. (particularly given their general distrust of intellectuals). Sometimes this was merely to go along to get along, sometimes it indicated true passion for the party's goals (see Heidegger). Some professions (such as engineers, those in small business and doctors) were more commonly associated with Nazi party membership than others. I don't know if anyone has done any work on economists and the Third Reich though.
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Daniel Kuehn is a doctoral candidate and adjunct professor in the Economics Department at American University. He has a master's degree in public policy from George Washington University.